Himachal Pradesh University Journal : Humanities and Social Sciences


ISSN 2277-1425

e-ISSN 2277-1433


           PDF File  [1.55 MB]       

               HPUJ December, 2023 Issue

Editorial Board

Chief Patron

Prof. S.P. Bansal
Vice-Chancellor, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla-171005


Prof. Jyoti Parkash, Pro-Vic-Chancellor, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla-171005
Prof. Kulbhushan Chandel, Dean of Studies, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla-171005

Chief Editor

Prof. Harish K. Thakur
Department of Political Science, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla-171005

Associate Editors

Dr. Joginder Singh Saklani
Department of Political Science, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla-171005

Dr. Baldev Singh Negi
Department of Interdisciplinary Studies-IIHS, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla-171005

Editorial Board Members

Prof. Sanjeev Sharma, (Ex-Vice Chancellor), Department of Political Science, CCS University, Meerut.

Prof. M.M. Semwal, Department of Political Science, HNB Central University, Srinagar, Uttrakhand.

Prof. Chetan Singh, Former Director, IIAS Shimla and Professor, Department of History, H.P. University Shimla-171005

Prof. Ian Hall, School of Government and International Relations, Griffith University, 170 Kessels Road, QLD 4111, Australia.

Dr. M. Satish Kumar, Research Fellow, The Senator George J. Mitchell Institute for Global Peace, Security & Justice, Queen’s University Belfast, BT7 INN, Northern Ireland, UK.

Prof. Geetha Ganapathy, Professor of English, Faculty of Law, Political & Social Sciences, University of Sorbonne, Paris Nord, 99 Av. Jean Baptiste Clement, 93430, Villetaneuasm France.

Prof. Ujjwal Kumar Singh, Department of Political Science, University of Dehli

Prof. Ashutosh Kumar, Department of Political Science, Punjab University, Chandigarh.

Prof. Raj Kumar Singh, Department of Commerce, H.P. University, Shimla-5.

Prof. B.K. Shivram, Department of History, H.P. University, Shimla-171005.

Prof. Seema Joshi, Kirorimal College, University of Dehli.

Prof. Gian Singh, Department of Economics, Punjabi university Patiala, Punjab.

Prof. Vishal Sood, Department of Education, CUHP, Dharamshala, Kangra.

Prof. Bishwambhara Mishra, Department of Economics, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong.

Himachal Pradesh University Journal (Humanities & Social Sciences) is published biannually by Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla in the months of June and December every year. All rights are reserved and no part of the contents or material published in the journal could be reproduced without the prior permission of the editor.
The soft copy of the journal is available at https://hpuniv.ac.in/innerpage/h-p-university-journals.php

Annual Subion;nbsp;Rs. 1500/- Institutional Rs. 1000/- Individual Overseas: $ 70 Claims for undelivered copies may be made no later than four months of publication. The publisher will supply the missing copies when losses have been sustained in transit and if the availability in stock allows.


Himachal Pradesh University Journal (Humanities and Social Sciences)


ISSN 2277-1425

e-ISSN 2277-1433

Himachal Pradesh University Journal seeks to provide a space for broad and synthetic discussion within the spheres of humanities and social sciences. The Journal publishes research papers, articles, essays, reports, and book reviews on a wide range of topics of interest to the students and the scholars of humanities and social sciences. The journal focuses specifically on the issues of research applicability by encouraging the submissions that, in a concrete way, apply social science or critically reflect on the application of social science. In the meantime, HPUJ seeks to promote a broad public discussion and synergistic understanding within the described scope of the journal that is essential for the advancement of research and promotion of the scholarly community.

Submission of Manus

All the manus should be submitted electronically at the email hpuniversityjournal@gmail.com The Editorial Team at HPUJ uses a peer review process for all submissions. Please do not try to contact any member of the editorial board with information about your manu or asking about the status of your submission, as this affects the review process adversely. General inquiries may be directed to the Editor, Harish K. Thakur, at the email ID: hpuniversityjournal@gmail,com  If the authors would like to have their books considered for review, they are advised to ask their publishers to send a copy of the book at the editorial address given below. Submissions and Review
HPUJ does not consider papers that are currently under review at other journals. Authors are requested not to submit manus which are substantially similar to those published elsewhere (including chapters in books or articles published in Ÿother languages). Authors are required to email a minimum of two separate files: A title page including title of the full manu, author/authors' name and contact information (mailing address, Ÿtelephone, email address) rank and institutional affiliation. An anonymous digital file of your paper. This file should not include any information that identifies the author/authors, or any other collaborators in the work. It should also avoid references to colleagues, or institutions or information that may help their identification.

Style and Format

All the submissions should be typed in Times New Roman, Font 12, double-spaced, and should follow the APA Seventh Edition style sheet discussed below. Notes and references should appear at the end of the manu. Each manu should include a brief abstract of 100-150 words describing the subject, general approach, intended purpose of the article, and findings with 5-6 keywords for indexing and online searching. The papers should be approximately between 3500 to 8000 words. However, Book Reviews or reports or research notes should not exceed 2500 words. The tables and figures should be inside the text of the manu. Tables should be in editable format.

Each submission must use super numbers for notes (“social problems begin with an objective condition, that can be measured”.1) to be mentioned at the end of paper in the order of Notes and References. All works cited (even in the notes) must be mentioned in the references. Authors are responsible for providing accurate and complete reference information. In-text citations should contain author, year, and page number, where applicable. We follow APA seventh edition.

Sample References: as APA Seventh Edition

Book with subtitle.

Fraser, C. (2017). Prairie fires: The American dreams of Laura Ingalls Wilder. Metropolitan Books.

Book with editor/s instead of author

Roy, Himanshu & Singh, M.P. (Eds.). (2020). Indian political thought: Themes and thinkers. Pearson.

Essay, Chapter, or Section in Edited work

Gale, D. (2008). Innocence abroad. In L.F. Baum (Ed.). The way home (pp. 27-43). Cyclone Press.

Journal article with DOI

Slethaug, G. E. (1986). The paradoxical double in Le Guin’s A Wizard of Earthsea. Extrapolation, 27(4), 326-333. https://doi.org/10.3828/extr.1986.27.4.326

Magazine article, online, no volume issue or pages

Beck, J. (2015, May 3). Science’s love affair with The Lord of the Rings. The Atlantic. https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2015/05/sciences-love-affair-with-the-lord-ofthe-rings/392216/

Unsigned entry in continuously updated, unarchived online dictionary.

Merriam-Webster. (n.d). Literacy. In Merriam-Webster dictionary.  https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/literacy

Wikipedia entry

Stonehenge. (2020, January 16). In Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stonehenge

Website article with author

Spritzler, F. (2017, January 29). 13 ways to prevent type 2 diabetes. Healthline. https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/prevent-diabetes

Website article without author or date

What are pulses? (n.d.). Half-Cup habit. https://pulses.org/nap/what-are-pulses/

The opinions/information expressed in HPUJ reflect the views of authors only and not the journal or its editorial members.

Harish K. Thakur
Chief Editor HPUJ
Mob No: 9418008900